82| Neuropsychological Norms for Spanish Speaking People in the U.S. – With Dr. Maria Marquine

This episode is a conversation about neuropsychological norms for Spanish speaking people who reside in the U.S. It focuses on the NP-NUMBRS project, which provides norms for a multidomain cognitive battery completed by Spanish speakers from the U.S.-Mexico border region. Additional topics covered include shared aspects of Hispanic/Latinx culture that are relevant to neuropsychologists, the importance of co-normed cognitive batteries in neuropsychology, and cognitive effects of bilingualism, among others.

A pdf of the transcript for this episode is available here.

If you’d like to receive APA-approved CE credit for listening to this episode, click here.

Topics Covered

  • Shared aspects of Hispanic/Latinx culture relevant to neuropsychologists
  • The importance of using co-normed cognitive batteries
  • NP-NUMBRS, purpose and methodology
  • NP-NUMBRS, limitations and future directions
  • NP-NUMBRS, clinical applications for Spanish-speaking patients in the U.S.
  • The cognitive effects of bilingualism

About María

María J. Marquine, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the Departments of Medicine and Psychiatry at the University of California San Diego, and Director of Disparities Research in the Division of Geriatrics, Gerontology and Palliative Care. As a bilingual (Spanish/English) clinical scientist with expertise in cross-cultural neuropsychology and disparities in neurocognitive aging, she has built a program of research focused on understanding risk for neurocognitive decline among older Latinos with and without HIV. She has also led work on the development of tools for the accurate detection of neurological dysfunction via neurocognitive tests among Latinos in the U.S., and  has received NIH and philanthropic funding to pursue research on well-being among older Latinos in the US and Latin America. She is the Chair of the Science Committee of the Hispanic Neuropsychological Society, a member of the Committee on Human Research of the American Psychological Association, and a member of the Cultural Interest Group of the International Neuropsychological Society.

Selected Resources

To download the Excel file for the NP-NUMBRS Digital Calculator, click here.

For methodology on the assessment battery (including how to adapt the HVLT-R for Spanish speakers), see the Cherner et al. (2021) paper referenced below.

Contact the following individuals if you are interested in accessing the Spanish version of the PASAT:

Selected References

Cherner, M., Marquine, M. J., Umlauf, A., Morlett Paredes, A., Rivera Mindt, M., Suárez, P., … & Heaton, R. K. (2021). Neuropsychological norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project: Methodology and sample characteristics. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 253-268.

Díaz-Santos, M., Suárez, P. A., Marquine, M. J., Umlauf, A., Rivera Mindt, M., Artiola i Fortuny, L., … & Cherner, M. (2020). Updated demographically adjusted norms for the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-revised and Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-revised in Spanish-speakers from the US-Mexico border region: The NP-NUMBRS project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 374-395.

Flores, I., Casaletto, K. B., Marquine, M. J., Umlauf, A., Moore, D. J., Mungas, D., … & Heaton, R. K. (2017). Performance of Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites on the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery: The roles of ethnicity and language backgrounds. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 31(4), 783-797.

Gooding, A., Seider, T., Marquine, M., Suárez, P., Umlauf, A., Rivera Mindt, M., … & Cherner, M. (2021). Demographically-adjusted norms for the paced auditory serial addition test and letter number sequencing test in Spanish-speaking adults: Results from the neuropsychological norms for the US-Mexico border region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) Project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 324-338.

Heaton, A., Gooding, A., Cherner, M., Umlauf, A., Franklin, D. R., Rivera Mindt, M., … & Marquine, M. J. (2021). Demographically-adjusted norms for the Grooved Pegboard and Finger Tapping tests in Spanish-speaking adults: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 396-418.

Kamalyan, L., Hussain, M. A., Diaz, M. M., Umlauf, A., Franklin, D. R., Cherner, M., … & Marquine, M. J. (2021). Neurocognitive impairment in Spanish-speaking Latinos living with HIV in the US: Application of the neuropsychological norms for the US–Mexico border region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS). The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 433-452.

Marquine, M. J., Maldonado, Y., Zlatar, Z., Moore, R. C., Martin, A. S., Palmer, B. W., & Jeste, D. V. (2015). Differences in life satisfaction among older community-dwelling Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. Aging & Mental Health, 19(11), 978-988.

Marquine, M. J., Rivera Mindt, M., Umlauf, A., Suárez, P., Kamalyan, L., Morlett Paredes, A., … & Cherner, M. (2021). Introduction to the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) Project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 227-235.

Marquine, M. J., Yassai-Gonzalez, D., Perez-Tejada, A., Umlauf, A., Kamalyan, L., Morlett Paredes, A., … & Heaton, R. K. (2021). Demographically adjusted normative data for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test-64 item: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US–Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 339-355.

Marquine, M. J., Morlett Paredes, A., Madriaga, C., Blumstein, Y., Umlauf, A., Kamalyan, L., … & Cherner, M. (2021). Demographically-adjusted norms for selected tests of verbal fluency: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 269-292.

Morlett Paredes, A., Carrasco, J., Kamalyan, L., Cherner, M., Umlauf, A., Rivera Mindt, M., … & Marquine, M. J. (2021). Demographically adjusted normative data for the Halstead Category Test in a Spanish-speaking adult population: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS). The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 356-373.

Morlett Paredes, A., Gooding, A., Artiola i Fortuny, L., Rivera Mindt, M., Suárez, P., Scott, T. M., … & Marquine, M. J. (2021). The state of neuropsychological test norms for Spanish-speaking adults in the United States. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 236-252.

Rivera Mindt, M., Marquine, M. J., Aghvinian, M., Paredes, A. M., Kamalyan, L., Suárez, P., … & Cherner, M. (2021). The Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) Project: Overview and considerations for life span research and evidence-based practice. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 466-480.

Rivera Mindt, M., Marquine, M. J., Aghvinian, M., Scott, T. M., Cherner, M., Morlett Paredes, A., … & Heaton, R. K. (2021). Demographically-adjusted norms for the processing speed subtests of the WAIS-III in a Spanish-speaking adult population: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 293-307.

Scott, T. M., Morlett Paredes, A., Taylor, M. J., Umlauf, A., Artiola i Fortuny, L., Heaton, R. K., … & Rivera Mindt, M. (2021). Demographically-adjusted norms for the WAIS-R Block Design and Arithmetic subtests: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 419-432.

Stickel, A., Tarraf, W., Wu, B., Marquine, M. J., Vasquez, P. M., Daviglus, M., … & Gonzalez, H. M. (2020). Daily functioning and cognition: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and Study of Latinos‐Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (SOL‐INCA) Latino cognitive aging: From genes to daily function. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 16, e044165. https://doi.org/10.1002/alz.044165

Suárez, P. A., Díaz-Santos, M., Marquine, M. J., Kamalyan, L., Mindt, M. R., Umlauf, A., … & Cherner, M. (2021). Demographically adjusted norms for the Trail Making Test in native Spanish speakers: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 308-323.

Suárez, P. A., Marquine, M. J., Díaz-Santos, M., Gollan, T., Artiola i Fortuny, L., Rivera Mindt, M., … & Cherner, M. (2020). Native Spanish-speaker’s test performance and the effects of Spanish-English bilingualism: results from the neuropsychological norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 35(2), 453-465.

Vásquez, P. M., Tarraf, W., Doza, A., Marquine, M. J., Perreira, K. M., Schneiderman, N., … & González, H. M. (2019). The cross-sectional association of cognitive stimulation factors and cognitive function among Latino adults in Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions, 5, 533-541.

Zlatar, Z., Tarraf, W., Chai, A., Vasquez, P. M., Marquine, M. J., Lipton, R. B., … & Gonzalez, H. M. (2020). Subjective cognitive decline is associated with neurocognition in the SOL‐INCA study: Latino cognitive aging: From genes to daily function. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 16, e044167. https://doi.org/10.1002/alz.044167

Zlatar, Z. Z., Tarraf, W., González, K. A., Vásquez, P. M., Marquine, M. J., Lipton, R. B., … & González, H. M. (2021). Subjective cognitive decline and objective cognition among diverse US Hispanics/Latinos: Results from the Study of Latinos‐Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (SOL‐INCA). Alzheimer’s & Dementia. https://doi.org/10.1002/alz.12381

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